Neonatal Jaundice

Important problem in the first week of life, nearly 60% of term newborns become visibly jaundiced in the first week of life. In most cases no intervention is required.

Types- Physiological and Pathological

Symptoms Yellowish discoloration of sclera and skin

Complications

  • Acute bilirubin encephalopathy
  • Chronic bilirubin encephalopathy
  • Seizure etc.

Causes Because of liver immaturity and due to associated risk factors

Risk Factors

  • Prematurity
  • RH/ABO incompatibility
  • Asphyxia
  • Sepsis etc.

Prevention Adequate hydration

Diagnosis: Serum bilirubin (total & direct)

Treatment

  • Phototherapy
  • Exchange transfusion
  • IVIG
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