Brain Tumor

The brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cells into your brain that hinders its activities. There are different types of brain tumors. Some are benign (noncancerous) and some are malignant (cancerous).

Any symptoms like new headaches, vomiting, blurred vision, numbness, difficulty in balance, confusion, and seizures, etc. The brain tumor can also cause brain stroke. The tumor can be detected using methods like neurological examination, which includes checking vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength, and reflexes. Another method is through imaging tests; mostly MRI Scan is used but some specialists use Computerized Tomography (CT). Depending on the location, size, and type of the brain tumor, the treatment is done. Also, the amount of pressure put by a tumor on the vital part of the brain, whether the tumor is spread to the other part of the CNS and body as well as patient’s overall health and preferences are considered to decide the treatment.

This bleeding kills brain cells and it is called a Brain Hemorrhage or Brain Stroke. With enough bleeding, the brain can become so compressed that oxygen-rich blood is unable to flow into the brain tissue. The lack of oxygen can lead to brain swelling, referred to as cerebral edema. There are several risk factors and causes of Brain Hemorrhage like Head Trauma, High Blood Pressure, Aneurysm, Bleeding Disorder, Blood Vessels Abnormalities. There are different kinds of brain hemorrhage and it can be treated accordingly. This treatment depends on the size of the hemorrhage, location and swelling which causes.

Treatments

  • Supportive Care using medications:

    • Corticosteroid is given that reduces the pain by decreasing the swelling in the brain.
    • Anti-seizure medicine.
  • Surgery: This involves surgical removal of the tumor from the brain. This complicated process requires a greater level of precision.
  • Radiation Therapy: There are different types of radiation therapy that can be used depending on the condition of the tumor. These include conventional radiation therapy, 3D-CRT, IMRT, Proton Therapy and Fractionated Stereotactic Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy: In this, various drugs are used to kill the tumor cells, usually by limiting their growth.
  • Targeted Therapy: Other than standard chemotherapy this therapy targets the specific tumor genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that promote the growth of the tumor and its survival. It limits the damage to healthy cells.
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