Ear, Nose & Throat

About the Speciality

Otolaryngology is a medical speciality that focuses on the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT).

The Otolaryngologists, commonly referred to as ENT, work on the management and treatment of the diseases and disorders of ENT and related structures of the head and neck.

ENT specialists in Jaipur, diagnose, treat and manage speciality-specific disorders and provide medical care to adults and children. Their skills include diagnosing and managing diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), also as structures of the neck and face.

JNU Hospital’s ENT Department is well equipped and has become a major referral centre for advanced head and neck cancer, Endoscopic and Microscopic surgeries, skull base lesions and bronchoscopic foreign body removal.

Diagnostic and Clinical Services

Some of the diagnostic and clinical services offered by the ENT hospital in Jaipur are given below.

  • High end operating microscopes
  • High-end endoscopic sinus surgery equipment and instruments, including a recording system
  • Coblation
  • Microdebriders and microdrills
  • Video laryngoscope, Bronchoscope & Harmonic scalpel
  • Fibreoptic laryngoscopy system with recording facility
  • OAE, BERA, ENG, EUM, ASSR
  • Speech Therapy & Audiology
  • Hearing aid Trials
  • Speech and Voice Analysis

Specialty Clinics

The speciality clinics and their services offered by the ENT department of JNU Hospital are given below.

  • Otology Related Clinic Diagnosis of tinnitus, vertigo, otology related headache and its management.

  • Allergy Clinic Diagnosis of allergic related sinusitis, rhinitis and its management

  • Cancer Clinic Diagnosis of head and neck cancer with oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancers is done and managed

  • Voice Clinic Diagnosis of Hoarseness, change in voice, puberphonia, androphonia is done and managed

 

HOD Message

“The Department of Otorhinolaryngology comprises of an expert team of specialists capable of delivering comprehensive and compassionate care to the patients having any kind of ear, nose, and throat ailments. We have all the modern diagnostic facilities needed for investigating any ENT disease. Our operation theatres are well equipped with modular facilities, top-quality operating microscopes, and endoscopy units, along with the latest powered equipment to deliver the best surgical outcomes. Our experienced team of doctors is well equipped to deal with any kind of emergencies, including upper aero-digestive tract, foreign body removal, management of trauma, epistaxis, and stridor.”

Dr. Navneeta Gangwar

Ear, Nose & Throat

What we treat

At Division of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeries of JNU, we invest our efforts, time, and expertise to detect and treat various types of Ailments.

Most common ENT problem of all ages. Leads to long-standing watery discharge. It is of two types – Safe (Mucosal) and Unsafe(Squamosal)

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Leading cause of chronic itching and discharge in middle-aged patient.

Causes - Chronic Otitis Externa are varied from simple infection to fungal origin. Can turn complicated in uncontrolled diabetes leading to skull base osteomyelitis. (Severe involvement of surrounding bones by the infection)

Symptoms - Itching, blocked feeling and swelling in the ear accompanied with watery discharge.

Prevention - Self ear clearing by use of various sharp items and even earbuds is to be strictly avoided, and aural hygiene to be practiced.

Risk factors - Person having skin allergies, chronic ear discharge, diabetes need special precautions.

Diagnosis - Detailed history, Ear examination by oto microscope,

Treatment - Medically by antibiotics, anti-allergic, strict control of sugar, healthy ear practices.

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Age related hearing loss (Presbycusis) is the decline in hearing that many people experience as they grow older. Almost 1 in 3 adults experience hearing loss b/w the age in 65 – 74.

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Balance disorder are very common in the elderly population it has a very crippling effect on the QOL.

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It is commonly the ringing sound perceived by the patients without any external sound. It affects 15-20% older population. Its perception is more in quite environment and leads to anxiety with respect to the etiology in the patient. It is mostly subjective but can be objective due to some circulatory causes.

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Very common presenting complaints of young age group. It has a cosmetic and a functional aspect.

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Voice disorders are medical conditions affecting the production of voice / speech Speech disorders are type of communication disorders where normal speech is disrupted, many disorders where normal speech is disrupted, many disorders can affect our ability to speak and communicate .causes may include hearing disorders deafness, voice problem such as a Dysphhonia or these caused by cleft lip or palate, speech problems like stuttering, developmental disabilities, Learning disorder, autism , brain injury, and stroke

Symptoms - May include hoarseness, difficulty projecting your voice, vocal fatigue, reduced range of voice pitch brakes .

Causes - Voice disorders are often caused by vocal abuse or misuse, such as excessive use of voice while singing, talking, smoking, coughing, yelling or inhaling irritants. Other disorders induce laryngitis, vocal nodules, polyps, and vocal fold paralysis.

Diagnosis - Speech-Language Pathologist assess the larynx using (laryngeal flexible / rigid) test radiological investigation, voice analysis, speech-language assessment.

 

Treatment - Of voice disorders and speech depends on the severity and causes. It may include – surgical (micro laryngeal surgery), medicines, speech therapy and life style changes.

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Most common chronic disease significantly affecting the quality of life of young and middle age group patients

Symptoms - Episodes of sneezing, nasal block, nasal discharge, itching in eyes & throat, decrease sense of smell.

Complications - Unmanaged or inadequately managed upper airway allergy can lead to chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyposis, bronchial asthma

Causes - Wide variety of allergens – food/air can cause symptoms on exposure

Diagnosis - Nasal endoscopy increased eosinophil count in CBC and ACE test. Skin and food allergy test. Radiological investigation.

 

Prevention - Identify triggers of allergy and prevention of exposure to the allergen is the best prevention

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Enlarged adenoids cause multiple problem in young children at around 5 years of age due to bilateral nasal obstruction.

Symptoms - Noisy breathing, snoring & obstructive sleep apnea, chronic ear sinus infection, fluid in the middle ear causing conductive deafness.

Complications - Untreated adenoids can use to chronic ear & sinus infection, adhesive otitis media, affect dental and palatal development due to chronic mouth opening scholastic performance due to disturb sleep & conductive hearing loss.

Diagnosis - History along with typical adenoid facies, nasal endoscopy, radiological & otological investigation give a full picture of the extent of the involvement

Treatment - Medical steroid nasal spray

Surgical - Endoscopic microdebrider assisted adenoidectomy and/or myringotomy & grommet insertion if serous otitis media is also present.

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Chronic infective condition affecting the school going & mid-teenage children

Symptoms - Severe pain in throat with difficulty in swallowing fever, enlarged nodes in the neck, voice change, pain abdomen.

Complications - Peritonsillar abscess, affects growth and development of child. In strep infection, there is a risk of rheumatic fever, kidney involvement.

Causes – Mostly viral but bacterial in some, then streptococcal infection needs to be ruled out.

Risk factors – Young age, frequent exposure of infections from peer group

Prevention – Good hygiene. Sick child should not be sent to school.

Diagnosis - Oral cavity examination inflamed & congested tonsils. Neck has enlarged lymph nodes Throat swab to rule out step infection CBC

Treatment - General supportive & symptomatic treatment, fluids, rest, analgesics, antipyretics. Antibiotics in case of bacterial infection

Surgery - If more then 3 episodes in last 3 years.

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Malignant lesions of this area are fairly common & present late in stage when they are advance

Symptoms - There are vague ranging from irritation in throat to difficulty in swallowing, cough to voice change, breathing difficulty, lump in neck.

Complications - Peritonsillar abscess, affects growth and development of child. In strep infection, there is a risk of rheumatic fever, kidney involvement.

Causes – Tobacco chewing, smoking, long-standing infections, GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)

Prevention – Stop addictions, healthy diet, early specialist opinion for chronic ENT ailments.

Diagnosis - ENT examination, endoscopies, to look into the hidden areas, imaging studies early biopsy of the suspicious lesions.

Treatment - Surgical + Radiotherapy + Chemotherapy. Targeted drug therapy, immunotherapy

Surgery - Laryngopharyngectomy + neck dissection. Palliative treatment in inoperable cases rehabilitation for voice & swallowing difficulties.

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It is a very common under-diagnosed condition causing chronic vague symptoms of throat

Symptoms - sore throat, mild hoarseness, foreign body sensation, repeated throat clearing, sticky sensation, chronic dry cough.

Complication - chronic cough, hoarseness of voice, worsening of asthma, risk of cancer

Causes – There is reflux of acid contents from the esophagus into the larynx due to lax sphincter, dietary habits, stress, obesity, tight clothing

Diagnosis - Careful & through history, laryngeal endoscopy Esophageal ph monitoring, upper G.I. endoscopy.

Prevention - Healthy diet, weight reduction, small meals, avoid alcohol & tobacco, caffeine

Treatment - Dietary modifications

Medical - antacids, proton pump inhibitors, prokinetics.

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It is the most common sleep disorders which can affect children as well as adults & can have serious implications

Symptoms - loud snoring with frequent awakening with gasping, choking, daytime sleepiness, headache, high blood pressure

Complications – Cardiovascular risks of arrhythmias & hypertension, sudden death.

Causes – Critical narrowing of the nasopharyngeal airway due to collapse of the surrounding soft tissue walls louding to temporary cessation of the breathing. The causes may be central or peripheral.

Risk factors – Obesity, age, obstructed airway, high B.P. addictions of alcohol, systemic disease with D.M. asthma

Diagnosis - Polysomnography, ENT examination & investigations

Treatment - Lifestyle changes, stop smoking/Alcohol and weight reduction. Positive airway pressure with CPAP or BIPAP devices. Oral devices.

Medical - UPPP Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Jaw surgery maxilla mandibular advancement. Nasal surgery it required tracheostomy if other methods have failed

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Procedures

ENT department at JNU IMSRC carries out a wide range of regular as well as emergency procedures, including complex head & neck surgeries and treatment of all ENT conditions in patients of all age groups.The team is highly skilled in performing skull base surgeries, ear and cochlear implants, and endoscopic nasal surgeries with extreme perfection.

Tympanoplasty

Tympanoplasty is the surgical procedure performed to repair a perforated tympanic membrane,

Mastoidectomy

Mastoidectomy is the operation in which the surgeon removes diseased air cells (cholesteatoma matrix) from the mastoid bone.

Endoscopic Surgeries

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a minimally invasive technique in which sinus air cells and sinus ostia are opened under direct visualization.

Adenoidectomy and Tonsillectomy

Adenoidectomy is one of the most commonly performed operations in children.

Tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both palatine tonsils are fully removed from the back of the throat

Head and Neck Cancer

Cancer is a stage when tumour cells begin to grow in an uncontrolled manner.

Consult with experienced Doctors

JNU is home to some of the most eminent doctors in the world, most of whom are pioneers in their respective arenas and are renowned for developing innovative and revolutionary procedures
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