A cancer is an abnormal growth of cells (usually derived from a single abnormal cell).

The cells have lost normal control mechanisms and thus are able to multiply continuously, invade nearby tissues, migrate to distant parts of the body, and promote the growth of new blood vessels from which the cells derive nutrients. Cancer cells can migrate to other organs of body and form a new tumor, called metastasis. Metastatic tumors are very common in the late stages of cancer. The spread of metastasis may occur via the blood or the lymphatics or through both routes. The most common sites of metastases are the lungs, liver, brain, and the bones.

  • Fatigue.
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin.
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain.
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won't heal, or changes to existing moles.
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits.
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing.
  • Smoking and Tobacco chewing
  • Unhealthy Diet and less Physical Activity.
  • Sun and Other Types of Radiation.
  • Viruses and Other Infections.
  • Cancer syndromes.
  • Pollution
  • Alcohol
  • Don't use tobacco
  • Eat a healthy diet like Apples, Berries, Cruciferous vegetables, Carrots, Fatty fish, Walnuts, Legumes, Supplements and Medications
  • Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active
  • Protect yourself from the sun
  • Get vaccinated against hepatitis B, Human Papilloma virus,
  • Avoid alcohol, preserved fruit juices
  • Get regular medical car
  • Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Breathing Difficulty
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Weight loss
  • Hair loss
  • Fever
  • Blackening & pealing of skin
  • Stomatitis
  • Loss of taste
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Lymphedema
  • Chemical changes in your body
  • Brain and nervous system problems

How is it diagnosed?

Imaging tests used in diagnosing cancer may include a computerized tomography (CT) scan, bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scan, ultrasound and X-ray, Biopsy, FNAC, Tumor markers


How is it treated?

  • Surgery. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancer or as much of the cancer as possible.
  • Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy. Radiotherapy used to kill cancer cells
  • Bone marrow transplant. Generally used to treat leukemia’s and Multiple Myeloma
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Cryoablation

Consult with experienced Doctors

JNU is home to some of the most eminent doctors in the world, most of whom are pioneers in their respective arenas and are renowned for developing innovative and revolutionary procedures