Low Back Pain

It can range from mild dull aching pain to severe pain it may restrict mobility & normal function. It is frequently seen in patients more than 40 years of age.
low back pain
  • Symptoms can be pain may be of acute type which may have originated with in less than 3 weeks.
  • Mostly acute pain resolves on its own
  • If duration of pain is less than 3 months then its chronic pain.
  • Pain may radiate in one or both lower limbs.
  • Degeneration of vertebrae due to advancing age, heavy weight lifting.
  • Obesity, poor muscle tone in back.
  • Sprain or strain.
  • Ligament tears, spinal canal stenosis, smoking, slipped disc.
  • Osteoporosis, Trauma.
  • Complete physical examination X-ray it will show extent of degeneration, CT scan will show again changes vertebra.
  • MRI along with vertebral change it will show disc protrusion & nerve root compression.
  • Electromyogram will test nerve-muscle function.
  • Lifestyle modification.
  • Physiotherapy & rehabilitation.
  • Weight loss.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Mechanical back supports.
  • If pain worsens & neurological complications develop then surgery i.e. decompression laminectomy can be done.

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