Caesarean Delivery

Caesarean delivery, is the surgical procedure by which one or more babies are delivered through an incision in the mother's abdomen, often performed because vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk.

Reasons for the operation include obstructed labor, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth and problems with the placenta or umbilical cord.

It may be done with a spinal block, where the woman is awake, or under general anesthesia. A urinary catheter is used to drain the bladder, and the skin of the abdomen is then cleaned with an antiseptic.

An incision of about 15 cm (6 inches) is then typically made through the mother's lower abdomen. The uterus is then opened with a second incision and the baby delivered. The incisions are then stitched closed.

A woman can typically begin breastfeeding as soon as she is out of the operating room and awake. Often, several days are required in the hospital to recover sufficiently to return home.


What are the benefits & risks of Caesarean Delivery?

The outcomes of Caesarean Delivery depend on several factors and conditions suffered by the patient in the past.

The benefits & risks of Caesarean Delivery include

  • C-sections result in a small overall increase in poor outcomes in low-risk pregnancies.
  • They also typically take longer to heal from, about six weeks, than vaginal birth.
  • The increased risks include breathing problems in the baby and amniotic fluid embolism and postpartum bleeding in the mother.

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